During the period of prison expansion from the late 1970s to the 1990s, public opinion generally supported stricter criminal justice measures. This support did not necessarily extend to building correctional facilities, however, encouraging some states to pursue cost-saving and privatization strategies. This paper explores the extent to which voters supported prison construction bond referenda, compared to other kinds of referenda. Evidence from fixed-effects models suggests that voters were less likely to support prison construction and that voter support for prison construction is linked with race. These results demonstrate the direct and sometimes contradictory ways that public opinion influences the criminal justice system.